How Many Territories In Australia

22.08.2023 0 Comments

How Many Territories In Australia
List of all territories and states of Australia. Australia is a federation of 6 states, 6 external territories, 3 internal territories and 1 autonomous territory.

What are the 3 territories in Australia?

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

States and territories of Australia
Location Australia
Number 16 (6 states, 3 internal territories, and 7 external territories )
Populations Smallest state:

Tasmania 541,071

Largest state:

New South Wales 8,166,369

Smallest territories:

  • Ashmore and Cartier Islands 0 (uninhabited)
  • Heard Island and McDonald Islands 0 (uninhabited)

Largest territory:

Australian Capital Territory 431,215

Areas Smallest state:

Tasmania 90,758 km 2 (35,042 sq mi)

Largest state:

Western Australia 2,642,753 km 2 (1,020,373 sq mi)

Smallest territory:

Cocos (Keeling) Islands 14 km 2 (5.4 sq mi)

Largest territories:

  • Northern Territory 1,419,630 km 2 (548,120 sq mi)
  • Australian Antarctic Territory 5,896,500 km 2 (2,276,700 sq mi)

Local government areas and unincorporated areas

The states and territories are administrative divisions in Australia, ruled by regional governments that constitute the level of governance between the federal government and local governments, States are self-governing polities with incomplete sovereignty (having ceded some sovereign rights to federation ) and their own constitutions, legislatures, departments, and certain civil authorities (e.g.

Judiciary and law enforcement ) that administer and deliver most public policies and programs. Territories can be autonomous and administer local policies and programs much like the states in practice, but are still constitutionally and financially subordinate to the federal government and thus have no true sovereignty.

The Commonwealth of Australia constitutionally consists of six federated states ( New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, and Western Australia ) and ten federal territories, out of which three are internal territories (the Australian Capital Territory, the Jervis Bay Territory, and the Northern Territory ) on the Australian mainland and seven are external territories ( Ashmore and Cartier Islands, the Australian Antarctic Territory, Christmas Island, the Cocos (Keeling) Islands, the Coral Sea Islands, Heard Island and McDonald Islands, and Norfolk Island ) that are offshore dependent territories,

  1. Every state and internal territory (except the Jervis Bay Territory) is self-governing with its own independent executive government, legislative branch, and judicial system, while the rest only have local government status overseen by federal departments,
  2. State and territory governments have executive authority to legislate on matters concerning their citizens, subject to the limits of the federal constitution (notably section 51 and section 109 ).

Each state and internal territory (except Jervis Bay Territory) has its own legislature, although the federal government can override any territorial legislation. The federal High Court of Australia acts as a final court of appeal for all matters and has the authority to override any state judiciary.

While all states and internal territories have their own judicial system, which is subject to appeal to the High Court, most external territories are subject to the judiciary and legislature of either a state or internal territory. Excluding the Heard Island and McDonald Islands and the Australian Antarctic Territory (which are governed by the Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment ), the external territories are governed by the federal Department of Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and Communications,

Norfolk Island had its own legislature from 1979 to 2015. Each state of Australia is a successor to historical British colonies, and each has its own constitution. The Australian Capital Territory (ACT) and Northern Territory for the most part operate indistinguishably from the states, even though they do not have constitutional status as states and territorial legislation can be overridden.

What are the 2 territories of Australia?

Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Australia contains six states—New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, Western Australia, South Australia, and Tasmania—and two internal territories—the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory, which contains Canberra.

  • Australia also administers six external territories: Norfolk Island, Coral Sea Islands, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Christmas Island, Ashmore and Cartier Islands, and Heard Island and McDonald Islands,
  • In addition, Australia claims the right to administer a large portion of Antarctica, called the Australian Antarctic Territory.

Many other countries also claim slices of Antarctica. According to the Antarctic Treaty system to which Australia is a signatory, all such claims are put aside in the interest of peace, and Antarctica is under international management. The capital of Australia is Canberra,

Australian Capital Territory Capital: Canberra Population (2021) 454,499 Note: The Australian constitution mandated establishing such a capital territory. The site was chosen in 1908, construction began in 1911, and parliament moved from the temporary capital, Melbourne, into the first Parliament House in 1927.

New South Wales Capital: Sydney Population (2021) 8,072,163 Date of admission: 1901

Northern Territory Capital: Darwin Population (2021) 232,605 Date of admission: 1911 Note: The Northern Territory is an administrative division in northern Australia that is similar to a state.

Queensland Capital: Brisbane Population (2021) 5,156,138 Date of admission: 1901

South Australia Capital: Adelaide Population (2021) 1,781,516 Date of admission: 1901

Tasmania Capital: Hobart Population (2021) 557,571 Date of admission: 1901

Victoria Capital: Melbourne Population (2021) 6,503,491 Date of admission: 1901

Western Australia Capital: Perth Population (2021) 2,660,026 Date of admission: 1900

How many territories Australia have?

Research Guides: Commonwealth government publications : Get started On 1 January 1901 the British colonies in Australia federated as the Commonwealth of Australia. The had been developed by representatives from the colonies to set the parameters for the Australian government and had been voted on by colonial referenda.

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The British Parliament passed the and royal assent was given on 9 July 1900, paving the way for the establishment of Australia as a sovereign nation. The people of Australia are represented by members of the House of Representatives (also known as the lower house) and the Senate (also known as the upper house or states house).

Members of the House represent electorates across Australia that are divided roughly by population. Members of the Senate represent states with an equal number (12) from each state regardless of population, and a further two representing the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory.

  • Australia uses a preferential voting system for the House of Representatives.
  • This means that voters number each candidate according to their preference.
  • So if there were 5 candidates in your electorate you would number the candidates on your voting card from ‘1’ (your most preferred candidate) to ‘5’, (your least preferred candidate).

The winning candidate needs more than 50% of the vote. If no-one gets more than 50% of the ‘primary vote’ (the first count), then the candidate with the least votes is eliminated and their votes are reallocated according to their second preference. This continues until a candidate gets more than 50% of the vote as preferences are allocated.

The states also use preferential voting systems although there are some variations from state to state. In the Senate a preferential system known as is used. Senators need a set proportion or quota of votes to be elected in each state. Below are some useful sites for further information on the Australian system of government and voting.

States & Territories of Australia | Pronunciation + Facts

: Research Guides: Commonwealth government publications : Get started

What are the 5 territories of Australia?

The Australian Government, through the department, administers the Indian Ocean Territories of Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Norfolk Island, the Jervis Bay Territory, the Ashmore and Cartier Islands, and the Coral Sea Islands. The department also manages the government’s interests in the Australian Capital Territory, and the Northern Territory.

Does Australia have 6 territories?

Australia is a federation of 6 states, 6 external territories, 3 internal territories and 1 autonomous territory.

What’s the difference between Australian states and territories?

Thanks Fatna for your question. The main difference between state and territory parliaments is where they get their powers to make laws. Each state has their own constitution which lists the powers of that state’s parliament, including the ability to make laws.

The territories do not have their own constitutions. Section 122 of the Australian Constitution gives the Australian Parliament the power to make laws for territories. The Australian Parliament passed laws that give the ACT and Northern Territory Legislative Assemblies the power to make laws. The Australian Parliament can override a territory law but this is rare.

The Australian Capital Territory is unique in Australia because its parliament combines the responsibilities of both a local and state government. Three levels of government in Australia. Parliamentary Education Office (

How is Australia divided?

The country is divided into six states and two territories. Let’s explore what makes each one so special. No matter where you go in Australia, you’re sure to have an amazing time. We’re home to eight states and territories – each one with its own unique mix of environments, cultures and rhythms.

Are there 3 or 14 countries in Australia?

Australia (the nation), Papua New Guinea, and New Zealand are the three independent nations that make up the Australian continent. It also includes Papua and West Papua, two regions of the island of New Guinea that fall under Indonesian control. Australia as a nation, Papua New Guinea, New Zealand, French Polynesia, Tonga, Niue, Kiribati, Fiji, Tokelau, Western Samoa, Wallis Futuna, Solomon Island, Tuvalu, Cocos, Keeling, Nauru, Cook, New Caledonia, Pitcairn Island, and Vanuatu are among them.

Nationality plates Country Capital Languages
AUS Australia Canberra English
FJI Fiji Suva Fijian, Hindustani, English
WBI Kiribati Tarawa English*, I-Kiribati
MLI Marshall Islands Majuro English, Marshallese
MCN Micronesia Palikir English, Chukese, Pohnpeian, Yapase, Kosrean
NU Nauru Yaren Nauruan*, English
NZ New Zealand Wellington English*, Maori
PLU Palau Koror Palauan, English
PNA Papua New Guinea Port Moresby English, Tok Pisin, Hiri Motu
CAA Samoa Apia Samoan, English
SIS Solomon Islands Honiara English, Solomon Pijin
WTO Tonga Nuku’alofa Tongan, English
TVU Tuvalu Funafuti Tuvaluan, English
GVU Vanuatu Port Vila Bislama, English, French

Why is Sydney not the capital of Australia?

Why is Canberra the Capital of Australia? – Canberra in Australia Capital Territory is a small city of around 450,000 people that sits between Sydney and Melbourne. The site was chosen as the location for Australia’s capital in 1908 as a compromise between the two aforementioned cities.

The city was planned out in entirety before being built. Because of this, Canberra is an immaculate city with many tree-lined boulevards, wide roads, lush green parklands, and many nature reserves. While political rivalries between colonies of New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Queensland, Western Australia and Tasmania around the time of Federation (1 January 1901) began the debate on where to locate the Australian Capital and location of parliament house.

It was decreed in The Constitution that the Parliament were to choose a site at least one hundred miles (160km) from Sydney, with Parliament to sit in Melbourne until the new capital was built. Yes, Australians in the early 20 th Century built a whole new city to be the Australian capital.

  1. The endearing word on the Canberra ACT streets is that the movers and shakers of the day wanted the Australian capital to be so far inland that it was safely out of reach from harm.
  2. The real reason, however, for choosing Canberra, ACT to sit as the Australian capital, is surprisingly, however not shockingly, much more philosophical and climatical.
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NSW Commission Alexander Oliver was appointed to investigate potential sites for the federal Australian capital. A man of the belief that science and personal experience showed that “a warm, moist temperature” was unhealthy, and rather favoured “a bracing, recuperative climate” with “pure bracing mountain air at the same time a stimulant and a tonic”.

Is Australia a 1st 2nd or 3rd world country?

What is the first world? – While highly subjective, “first world” is a term that consists of countries that may have the following characteristics: stable democracies, high standards of living, capitalist economies, and economic stability. Other measures that may be used to indicate first world countries include gross domestic product (GDP) or literacy rates.

What is the largest territory in Australia?

Western Australia is the largest state/territory in the country. Australia is one of the world’s largest countries and it is unique due to its low population density and for wildlife that is uniquely found in Australia. Australia is also famous for hosting the Great Barrier Reef which is the largest coral reef on earth,

Is Australia a country or a territory?

Audio File: Anthem of Australia ( see article ) Head Of Government: Prime Minister: Anthony Albanese Capital: Canberra Population: (2023 est.) 26,231,000 Currency Exchange Rate: 1 USD equals 1.567 Australian dollar Head Of State: British Monarch: King Charles III, represented by Governor-General: David Hurley Australia, the smallest continent and one of the largest countries on Earth, lying between the Pacific and Indian oceans in the Southern Hemisphere.

  1. Australia’s capital is Canberra, located in the southeast between the larger and more important economic and cultural centres of Sydney and Melbourne,
  2. The Australian mainland extends from west to east for nearly 2,500 miles (4,000 km) and from Cape York Peninsula in the northeast to Wilsons Promontory in the southeast for nearly 2,000 miles (3,200 km).

To the south, Australian jurisdiction extends a further 310 miles (500 km) to the southern extremity of the island of Tasmania, and in the north it extends to the southern shores of Papua New Guinea, Australia is separated from Indonesia to the northwest by the Timor and Arafura seas, from Papua New Guinea to the northeast by the Coral Sea and the Torres Strait, from the Coral Sea Islands Territory by the Great Barrier Reef, from New Zealand to the southeast by the Tasman Sea, and from Antarctica in the far south by the Indian Ocean.

Australia has been called “the Oldest Continent,” “the Last of Lands,” and “the Last Frontier.” Those descriptions typify the world’s fascination with Australia, but they are somewhat unsatisfactory. In simple physical terms, the age of much of the continent is certainly impressive—most of the rocks providing the foundation of Australian landforms were formed during Precambrian and Paleozoic time (some 4.6 billion to 252 million years ago)—but the ages of the cores of all the continents are approximately the same.

On the other hand, whereas the landscape history of extensive areas in Europe and North America has been profoundly influenced by events and processes that occurred since late in the last Ice Age—roughly the past 25,000 years—in Australia scientists use a more extensive timescale that takes into account the great antiquity of the continent’s landscape.

  • Australia is the last of lands only in the sense that it was the last continent, apart from Antarctica, to be explored by Europeans.
  • At least 60,000 years before European explorers sailed into the South Pacific, the first Aboriginal explorers had arrived from Asia, and by 20,000 years ago they had spread throughout the mainland and its chief island outlier, Tasmania.

When Captain Arthur Phillip of the British Royal Navy landed with the First Fleet at Botany Bay in 1788, there may have been between 250,000 and 500,000 Aboriginals, though some estimates are much higher. Largely nomadic hunters and gatherers, the Aboriginals had already transformed the primeval landscape, principally by the use of fire, and, contrary to common European perceptions, they had established robust, semipermanent settlements in well-favoured localities. Britannica Quiz Quick Quiz: Australian Geography The American-style concept of a national “frontier” moving outward along a line of settlement is also inappropriate. There was, rather, a series of comparatively independent expansions from the margins of the various colonies, which were not joined in an independent federated union until 1901.

Frontier metaphors were long employed to suggest the existence of yet another extension of Europe and especially of an outpost of Anglo-Celtic culture in the distant “antipodes.” The most striking characteristics of the vast country are its global isolation, its low relief, and the aridity of much of its surface.

If, like the English novelist D.H. Lawrence, visitors from the Northern Hemisphere are at first overwhelmed by “the vast, uninhabited land and by the grey charred bushso phantom-like, so ghostly, with its tall, pale trees and many dead trees, like corpses,” they should remember that to Australians the bush—that sparsely populated Inland or Outback beyond the Great Dividing Range of mountains running along the Pacific coast and separating it from the cities in the east—is familiar and evokes nostalgia, Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Subscribe Now Australia’s isolation from other continents explains much of the singularity of its plant and animal life. Its unique flora and fauna include hundreds of kinds of eucalyptus trees and the only egg-laying mammals on Earth, the platypus and echidna,

Other plants and animals associated with Australia are various acacias ( Acacia pycnantha is the national flower) and dingoes, kangaroos, koalas, and kookaburras. The Great Barrier Reef, off the east coast of Queensland, is the greatest mass of coral in the world and one of the world’s foremost tourist attractions.

The country’s low relief results from the long and extensive erosive action of the forces of wind, rain, and the heat of the sun during the great periods of geologic time when the continental mass was elevated well above sea level, Isolation is also a pronounced characteristic of much of the social landscape beyond the large coastal cities.

  • But an equally significant feature of modern Australian society is the representation of a broad spectrum of cultures drawn from many lands, a development stemming from immigration that is transforming the strong Anglo-Celtic orientation of Australian culture.
  • Assimilation, of course, is seldom a quick and easy process, and minority rights, multiculturalism, and race-related issues have played a large part in contemporary Australian politics.
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In the late 1990s these issues sparked a conservative backlash. Australia has a federal form of government, with a national government for the Commonwealth of Australia and individual state governments (those of New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia, and Tasmania ).

  1. Each state has a constitution, and its government exercises a limited degree of sovereignty,
  2. There are also two internal territories: Northern Territory, established as a self-governing territory in 1978, and the Australian Capital Territory (including the city of Canberra), which attained self-governing status in 1988.

The federal authorities govern the external territories of Norfolk Island, the Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Christmas Island, Ashmore and Cartier islands, the Coral Sea Islands, and Heard Island and McDonald Islands and claim the Australian Antarctic Territory, an area larger than Australia itself.

Papua New Guinea, formerly an Australian external territory, gained its independence in 1975. Historically part of the British Empire and now a member of the Commonwealth, Australia is a relatively prosperous independent country. Australians are in many respects fortunate in that they do not share their continent—which is only a little smaller than the United States —with any other country.

Extremely remote from their traditional allies and trading partners—it is some 12,000 miles (19,000 km) from Australia to Great Britain via the Indian Ocean and the Suez Canal and about 7,000 miles (11,000 km) across the Pacific Ocean to the west coast of the United States—Australians have become more interested in the proximity of huge potential markets in Asia and in the highly competitive industrialized economies of China, Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan,

What is the smallest state in Australia?

states of Australia at a glance The island country of is made up of six states and two mainland territories. The smallest state, Tasmania, is an island off the southeastern coast of Australia. The following list provides some of the basic facts for each state and mainland territory, including the capital and population. Some official emblems, such as the bird and the flower, are also listed.

Capital: (the national capital) Population: (2021) 454,499 Official bird: Gang-gang cockatoo Official flower: Royal Bluebell Official mammal: Southern Brush-tailed Rock-wallaby See,

Capital: Population: (2021) 232,605 Official bird: wedge-tailed eagle Official flower: Sturt’s desert rose Official mammal: red See

Capital: Population: (2021) 5,156,138 State bird: brolga State flower: Cooktown orchid State fish: barrier reef anemone fish See

Capital: Population: (2021) 1,781,516 State bird: piping shrike, or magpie State flower: Sturt’s desert pea State fish: leafy sea dragon See

Capital: Population: (2021) 6,503,491 State bird: helmeted honeyeater State flower: common heath State fish: common sea dragon See

: states of Australia at a glance

What’s the difference between Australian states and territories?

Thanks Fatna for your question. The main difference between state and territory parliaments is where they get their powers to make laws. Each state has their own constitution which lists the powers of that state’s parliament, including the ability to make laws.

The territories do not have their own constitutions. Section 122 of the Australian Constitution gives the Australian Parliament the power to make laws for territories. The Australian Parliament passed laws that give the ACT and Northern Territory Legislative Assemblies the power to make laws. The Australian Parliament can override a territory law but this is rare.

The Australian Capital Territory is unique in Australia because its parliament combines the responsibilities of both a local and state government. Three levels of government in Australia. Parliamentary Education Office (

Why is Australia divided into states and territories?

The boundaries Why are there separate sets of founding documents for each of the States, the Commonwealth and the Northern Territory? Because each State began as a separate British Colony. In 1901 the six Colonies formed a Federation of six States – the Commonwealth of Australia.

  1. In 1787 the boundary of New South Wales was set, in London, as a line through the continent at 135 degrees of longitude.
  2. In 1828, the boundary was moved across to 129 degrees of longitude and the western part became Western Australia.
  3. In 1836 South Australia took a ‘bite’ from New South Wales.
  4. The establishment of Queensland in 1859 divided the remainder of New South Wales into two.

The western borders of Queensland and South Australia were adjusted in 1862 to align the borders. The States From 1788 to 1859, Britain established six Australian colonies – though one of them, South Australia, was called a province to distinguish it as a place for free immigrants, not convicts. From 1837, when she came to the throne, Queen Victoria was the sovereign of each Colony and in 1901 she also became Head of the Federation of States which formed the Commonwealth of Australia. The Commonwealth The Colonies formed the six States: New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia, South Australia, and Queensland. The Northern Territory This vast area of Australia has a very different story. It was never planned as a separate colony, province, or state, its physical area the result of the tidying of the boundaries of the colonies in 1861. In 1863 this remaining portion of the continent became the Northern Territory of South Australia and in 1911, the Northern Territory was transferred from South Australia to the Commonwealth, The Australian Capital Territory The Australian Constitution provided for the establishment of a Federal Capital Territory as the seat of the new government of Australia.