How Did Heather Anderson Die

22.08.2023 0 Comments

How Did Heather Anderson Die
Death and aftermath On 13 November 2022, Anderson died by suicide at an army barracks in Perth, Western Australia.

Why did Heather Anderson wear a helmet?

Brisbane, Australia CNN — Scientists in Australia have diagnosed the world’s first case of chronic traumatic encephalopathy, or CTE, in a professional female athlete, with implications for millions of girls and women who play contact sport. Heather Anderson, an Australian Football League (AFL) player, was found to have low-stage CTE during an autopsy by scientists at the Australian Sports Brain Bank, whose peer-reviewed findings were published last week in the medical journal Acta Neuropathologica.

CTE is a neurodegenerative disease that can occur after repeated traumatic brain injuries or hits to the head, with or without a concussion, and to date it has only been diagnosed in professional male athletes. But the rise of women’s participation in the same sports over the past two decades means they too are susceptible, the paper said, and especially so given research indicates that women are more vulnerable to concussion than men.

“Colleagues overseas been watching the professionalization of women’s contact sports over the last 10 years, and the surge in popularity and surge in participation by women in contact sports, so we’ve all been sort of thinking sooner or later, this disease is going to pop up,” said neuropathologist Michael Buckland, the paper’s co-author.

  • It’s a bit like smoking and lung cancer.
  • Early on lung cancer was enormous in men and then women took up smoking in equal numbers.
  • Then 20 years later, there was a big surge in women’s lung cancer,” said Buckland, a clinical associate professor at the University of Sydney.
  • So I think we’re at the start of seeing the consequences of that surge in participation, both at the amateur and professional level.” Anderson started playing football when she was five years old and went on to play contact sport for 18 years across two codes – AFL and rugby league – before her death by suicide at 28 last November, according to the paper.

Her professional career included 8 games over the 2017 season with AFL Club the Adelaide Crows, before she suffered a shoulder injury that ended her sporting career. She also worked as a medic for the Australian Defence Force. Originally from Darwin, Anderson was known for wearing a bright pink helmet on the pitch so her vision-impaired mother could see her play.

Scientists say helmets and headbands can prevent skull fractures but don’t keep the brain from moving around inside the skull when someone is hit. During her career, Anderson had one confirmed concussion, and suffered another suspected four, according to her family, who donated her brain to the Australian Sports Brain Bank for more answers as to why she died.

According to the paper, Anderson had no known history of alcohol or non-prescription drug abuse and had not exhibited any signs of depression or unusual behavior in the months before her death. “While there are insufficient data to draw conclusions on any association between CTE and manner of death, suicide deaths are not uncommon in the cohorts where CTE is sought at autopsy,” the paper said.

  • Buckland said Anderson’s diagnosis shows women’s contact sports also need CTE minimization plans to reduce players’ exposure to cumulative head injuries, and those plans need to start at the junior level.
  • I don’t think any child should be playing the contact version of a sport before high school,” he said.

Other ways to reduce exposure include restricting contact during training, playing just one contact sport, and taking time off after a game when players have suffered hits, he said. Awareness of the risks of head injury in sport has been growing over the past two decades, and scientists are still working to examine the impact of repeated knocks on the brain.

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says “the research to date suggests that CTE is caused in part by repeated traumatic brain injuries, including concussions, and repeated hits to the head, called subconcussive head impacts.” Repeated knocks can lead to the degeneration of brain tissue and an unusual buildup of a protein called tau, which is associated with symptoms such as memory loss, confusion, impulse control problems, aggression, depression, impaired judgment and suicidal behavior.

In the United States, the most recent research from the Concussion Legacy Foundation and Boston University’s CTE Center found that nearly 92% of 376 former NFL players who were studied were diagnosed with the brain disease. It’s also been found in the brains of former boxers, and ice hockey and soccer players.

In Australia, lawyers representing dozens of former professional AFL players have filed a class action suit against the Australian Football League (AFL), seeking compensation for injuries caused by alleged negligence. The AFL has acknowledged a link between head trauma and CTE and says it’s committed to mitigating the risks.

It was one of dozens of parties to provide submissions to an Australian government inquiry into the issue that is due to report on August 2. The AFL Player’s Association, which represents the athletes, is pushing for greater support for current and former players, many of whom are living with the impact of successive brain injuries.

  • But Buckland said with so many other competing priorities, including broadcast rights and ticket sales, the industry can’t be expected to self-regulate, and an outside body needs to set the rules to ensure they’re followed.
  • CTE has been diagnosed in people as young as 17, but symptoms usually don’t appear until years later.

In 2019, about 15% of all US high school students reported one or more sports- or recreation-related concussions in the previous year, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Boys’ football, girls’ soccer and boys’ ice hockey were the sports with the highest concussion rates, according to the study.

Buckland said what’s most needed is a shift in attitudes, so that it’s no longer encouraged or even acceptable to expose children to activities where repeated head injuries are part of the game. “It’s more than just a medical problem, it’s a sociological problem, as well. How do we change society? I think in the long run, it’ll be like smoking.

(Stopping) smoking has taken generational change, and I think that’s what we’re looking at here.” CNN’s Katherine Dillinger contributed to this report.

Who was the first woman diagnosed with CTE?

Clinical Relevance: Traumatic brain injury, including concussion, carries long term risk

Heather Anderson, an Australian football player, is the first female athlete diagnosed with CTE, a degenerative brain disease. Analysis using immunohistochemistry and Garvey silver staining confirmed early-stage CTE diagnosis in Anderson’s brain tissue. Anderson’s death by suicide last year underscores the importance of addressing traumatic brain injuries in sports, including female athletes.

Heather Anderson, a professional Australian football player, is the first female athlete to be diagnosed with chronic traumatic encephalopathy, or CTE.

What female rugby player was diagnosed with CTE?

C.T.E. Found for First Time in Female Pro Athlete Heather Anderson, an Australian rules football player, was found posthumously to have had the degenerative brain disease. Heather Anderson during an Australian Football League match in 2017. Credit. Will Russell/AFL Media/Getty Images For the first time, the chronic traumatic encephalopathy, or C.T.E., has been diagnosed in a female professional athlete, researchers reported.

Heather Anderson, an Australian rules football player who died last year, was found to have had C.T.E., researchers said in a paper, “As the representation of women in professional contact sports is growing, it seems likely that more C.T.E. cases will be identified in female athletes,” the report said.

“Given females’ greater susceptibility to concussion, there is an urgent need to recognize the risks, and to institute strategies and policies to minimize traumatic brain injuries in increasingly popular female contact sports.” Anderson started playing Australian rules football when she was 5 years old, eventually competing in the top women’s league for the Adelaide Crows.

  • She retired at 23 in 2017 after a shoulder injury.
  • She died by suicide, her family said, at 28.
  • She had one confirmed concussion in her career, and as many as four more suspected by her family but not formally diagnosed.
  • It was a surprise, but not a surprise,” her father, Brian, program 7.30 of the diagnosis.

“And I think now that this report has been published, I’m sort of trying to think about how it might play out for female sportspeople everywhere.” C.T.E. can eventually lead to depression, memory loss and changes in personality, including aggressive behavior.

  • It is worsened the longer an athlete competes in contact sports.
  • The condition can only be diagnosed posthumously; Anderson’s family donated her brain to the Australian Sports Brain Bank for research.
  • Researchers found three lesions on Anderson’s brain.
  • They indicated early stage C.T.E., which would be expected given her young age.

The vast majority of C.T.E. cases have come in men, especially those who participated in contact sports for many years, including the American football players Junior Seau, Ken Stabler, Frank Gifford, Mike Webster and Andre Waters, as well as boxers and Australian football and rugby players.

Aaron Hernandez, the N.F.L. player who was convicted of murder in 2015 and who died by suicide at 27, like that of a player in his 60s. The researchers said only a handful of cases had been previously found in women, and none before in a professional athlete. Contact sports for women, notably rugby, are booming in many regions.

A women’s top-flight Australian rules league started in 2017; Anderson played in the league’s first grand final. : C.T.E. Found for First Time in Female Pro Athlete

How old is Heather Anderson?

An Australian rules footballer has become the first female athlete to be diagnosed with the degenerative brain disease CTE in a landmark finding for women’s sport. Heather Anderson, who played for Adelaide in the Australian Football League Women’s competition, took her own life in November 2022 aged 28.

Researchers at the Australian Sports Brain Bank (ASBB), co-founded by the Concussion Legacy Foundation, have since diagnosed Anderson as having had low-stage chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) and three lesions in her brain. The condition, which can only be diagnosed posthumously, can cause memory loss, depression and violent mood swings.

It has been found in athletes, combat veterans, and others who have sustained repeated head trauma. The Concussion Legacy Foundation has said Anderson is the first female athlete to be found to have had CTE. Michael Buckland, director of the ASBB, said: “There were multiple CTE lesions as well as abnormalities nearly everywhere I looked in her cortex.

  • It was indistinguishable from the dozens of male cases I’ve seen.” On Tuesday, Mr Buckland told the Australian Broadcasting Corporation that the diagnosis was a step toward understanding the impact years of playing contact sport has on women’s brains.
  • He said: “While we’ve been finding CTE in males for quite some time, I think this is really the tip of the iceberg and it’s a real red flag that now women are participating (in contact sport) just as men are, that we are going to start seeing more and more CTE cases in women.” Mr Buckland co-authored a report on his findings with neurologist Alan Pearce.

“Despite the fact that we know that women have greater rates of concussion, we haven’t actually got any long-term evidence until now,” Mr Pearce said. “So this is a highly significant case study.” Anderson had at least one diagnosed concussion while playing eight games during Adelaide’s premiership-winning season in 2017.

  1. She had played rugby league and Aussie rules, starting in contact sports at the age of five.
  2. She retired from the professional Australian Football League Women’s competition after the 2017 season because of a shoulder injury before returning to work as an army medic.
  3. Concussion Legacy Foundation CEO Chris Nowinski said: “The first case of CTE in a female athlete should be a wake-up call for women’s sports.

“We can prevent CTE by preventing repeated impacts to the head, and we must begin a dialogue with leaders in women’s sports today so we can save future generations of female athletes from suffering.” Mr Buckland thanked the family for donating Anderson’s brain and said he hopes “more families follow in their footsteps so we can advance the science to help future athletes”.

Read more from Sky News Greta Thunberg could face prison At least 16 die in suspected gas leak in South Africa There’s been growing awareness and research into CTE in sports since 2013, when the National Football League in the United States settled lawsuits – at a cost at the time of $765 million – from thousands of former players who developed dementia or other concussion-related health problems.

You might be interested:  How To Give Good Head

In July 2017, a report found 99% of all NFL players were found to have CTE – with 110 of 111 players found to have the condition. However, the report, published by the Journal of the American Medical Association, was based on the brains of deceased people donated to a Boston brain bank.

  1. The results did not suggest CTE is common to all American football players.
  2. In March this year, a study conducted by researchers in Sweden found soccer players are one and a half times more likely to develop dementia than the general populations.
  3. The study did not look at CTE.
  4. Meanwhile, a University of Glasgow study in October 2022 found former international rugby players are at a much higher risk of developing a neurodegenerative disease.

Anyone feeling emotionally distressed or suicidal can call Samaritans for help on 116 123 or email [email protected] in the UK. In the US, call the Samaritans branch in your area or 1 (800) 273-TALK.

Why doesn t Gordon wear a helmet?

Half-Life is home to many age-old debates— who the hell is G-Man? How does Magnusson know we ruined his casserole? Is Dr Breen out there somewhere as a big telepathic interdimensional slug? What was the Nihilanth trying to tell us? SCROLL TO CONTINUE WITH CONTENT All very interesting threads, except for the casserole.

That one’s easy. A scientist snitched on us in the 20 minutes between mashing the microwave button and causing an interdimensional catastrophe. He was on a mission, But the one that still sticks with me all these years later is simple, does Gordon Freeman wear a helmet? According to concept and 3D designer Chuck Jones, who created Gordon, he does.

Case closed, let’s all go home. Maybe, but I have a 500-word minimum feature requirement to hit and, well, I don’t buy it. When Gordon goes to collect his HEV suit in the first game, someone has already raided the closet. Two of the three are missing (later revealed to be in Gina Cross and Colette Green’s possession in Decay ) and his helmet is nowhere to be seen. Jones says that Gordon has to have the helmet because it’s why “headcrabs cannot latch onto his head”, but we see headcrabs grapple with Combine in Half-Life 2: Episode 1. Clearly, a helmet isn’t enough to stop the little buggers. And while not canon because it’s a fan-made remake, we see HEV zombies in Black Mesa—that lines up with the Zombines more than the immunity suggested here.

  • To add fuel to this age-old debate is Gina and Colette.
  • Decay is a PS2 spin-off developed by Gearbox that was bundled with the original game, but importantly, it’s co-op.
  • That means you can see each other, and neither Gina nor Colette are wearing helmets.
  • It seems standard for scientists to wear nothing but a suit.

Even in Kleiner’s lab in the second game, there is no helmet on display, and when he runs through diagnostics, he makes no mention of one. Lead writer Marc Laidlaw chimed in, saying that because it gave Gordon a “really bad case of helmet-hair”, he ditched it by the second game. But then we don’t see the HUD until we get the suit in Half-Life 2 either, which doesn’t have a helmet according to Laidlaw. The HUD doesn’t appear tied to the suit at all. But another key point in the debate is the oxygen meter that displays when swimming underwater.

  • You’d assume that it’s reading how much oxygen is left in the helmet, but given how little time Gordon can spend underwater, it’s probably just measuring how long before it gets dangerous without any protection.I.e., without a helmet.
  • The short of it is that Gordon’s designer himself says that he wears a helmet, but Half-Life fans are stubborn.

And with one game in a decade that ends on the same cliffhanger as the one from a decade prior, we’re bound to get caught in the weeds speculating nonsense. So, here I am. Gordon probably does wear a helmet in the first game, but not the second. And yet I’m still not sold—as far as I’m concerned, he was late, rushed in, didn’t bother to find the helmet, and went straight to the test chamber.

Why wear full face helmet?

Full face-helmets have been shown to reduce head injuries by up to 60%. That’s because they are designed with more surface area around the face, which makes them more effective at protecting against impact forces.

How long can someone with CTE live?

How Long Do People Live with CTE? – A 2009 analysis of 51 people who had chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) found the average lifespan of those with the condition was 51 years. In the later stages of dementia, patients can often die of infection. The inability to communicate can result in patients not getting care and treatment they need because they are unable to tell others they feel sick.

Can a 20 year old have CTE?

Motor symptoms –

Problems with walking and balance. Parkinsonism, which causes shaking, slow movement and trouble with speech. Motor neuron disease, which destroys cells that control walking, speaking, swallowing and breathing.

CTE symptoms don’t develop right after a head injury. Experts believe that they develop over years or decades after repeated head trauma. Experts also believe that CTE symptoms appear in two forms. In early life between the late 20s and early 30s, the first form of CTE may cause mental health and behavioral issues.

  1. Symptoms of this form include depression, anxiety, impulsive behavior and aggression.
  2. The second form of CTE is thought to cause symptoms later in life, around age 60.
  3. These symptoms include memory and thinking problems that are likely to progress to dementia.
  4. The full list of signs to look for in people with CTE at autopsy is still unknown.

There’s also little known about how CTE progresses.

Can you be diagnosed with CTE alive?

How common is chronic traumatic encephalopathy? – Experts aren’t sure just how common CTE is. That’s partly because there’s no way to diagnose this condition while a person is alive. Healthcare providers can suspect a person has it, but there’s no way to confirm it without an autopsy.

Is CTE only found after death?

RESOURCE CENTER found in athletes, military veterans, and others with a history of repetitive brain trauma. CTE is caused in part by repeated traumatic brain injuries, which include concussions and nonconcussive impacts. In CTE, experts believe a structural protein in neurons called tau misfolds and malfunctions, causes adjacent proteins to misfold, and sets off a chain reaction where this malfunctioning tau slowly spreads throughout the brain, killing brain cells.

Right now, CTE can only be definitively diagnosed by autopsy after death. CTE has been diagnosed in people who died as young as 17, but symptoms do not generally begin appearing until years after the onset of head impacts. Most of what we have learned about CTE has come from the research of, director of the at Boston University.

on education and advocacy. Learn more about CTE from Dr. Ann McKee, by watching the video below. You can support her research by clicking, CTE was first described in 1928, when Dr. Harrison Martland characterized a group of boxers as having “punch drunk syndrome.” Over the next 75 years, several researchers reported similar findings in boxers and other victims of brain trauma, but fewer than 50 cases were confirmed.

  • In 2005, pathologist Dr.
  • Bennet Omalu published the first evidence of CTE in an American football player: former Pittsburgh Steeler Mike Webster.
  • The publication caught the attention of CLF co-founder Dr.
  • Chris Nowinski, who envisioned the world’s first athlete brain bank.
  • Nowinski began reaching out to the families of former NFL players and other athletes who had recently passed away to arrange brain donations.

He and Dr. Robert Cantu soon founded the Concussion Legacy Foundation and partnered with Boston University and the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs to form the, which has now studied the brains of more than 1,300 athletes and veterans. Mood and behavior symptoms Among individuals diagnosed with CTE, some report mood and behavior symptoms that can appear as early as the patient’s 20s.

Impulse control problems Aggression Mood swings Depression Paranoia Anxiety

However, these reported symptoms may not necessarily be caused by CTE. Experts believe these symptoms could also be caused by concussions, other consequences of repetitive head impacts like white matter changes – or could be completely unrelated to head impacts.

No matter the cause, these symptoms can be treated, and the CLF HelpLine is here to connect you with a doctor who can help treat these symptoms and provide additional support. Cognitive symptoms Most patients with CTE eventually experience progressive disorders of thinking and memory, including problems with:

Executive function Impaired judgment Short-term memory Dementia

Progressive cognitive symptoms related to CTE tend to appear later in life, sometimes in midlife, but more frequently in a patient’s 60s or 70s. Patients may exhibit one or both symptom clusters. In some cases, symptoms worsen with time (even if the patient suffers no additional head impacts).

  1. In other cases, symptoms may be stable for years before worsening.
  2. If cognitive symptoms appear in early or midlife, they could have another, more treatable cause than CTE.
  3. Sleep disorders and neuroendocrine disorders from damage to the pituitary gland can cause treatable cognitive changes.
  4. Learn what you can do to improve your lifelong brain performance at Operation Brain Health.

Sleep symptoms A 2020 study from the UNITE Brain Bank suggests that problems with sleep, specifically symptoms associated with REM behavior disorder, may be related to CTE pathology. Watch the study’s corresponding author describe the findings, However, treatable disorders like obstructive sleep apnea, which is more likely to occur in contact sport athletes, can also cause cognitive symptoms.

Learn more about the symptoms of CTE from Dr. Robert Stern, director of clinical research at the Boston University CTE Center: CTE is caused in part by repeated traumatic brain injuries, which include concussions and nonconcussive impacts. This does not mean a handful of concussions, in the absence of other hits to the head, puts you at risk for CTE; most people diagnosed with CTE suffered hundreds or thousands of head impacts over the course of many years playing contact sports, serving in the military, or, more rarely, as victims of interpersonal violence.

The causal relationship was explored thoroughly in in the 2022 article, published in Frontiers in Neurology. The article was authored by CLF’s Dr. Chris Nowinski, Dr. Robert Cantu, Dr. Samantha Bureau, and 11 other collaborators from around the world. The authors concluded with the highest confidence that repetitive head impacts (RHI) are the definitive cause of CTE.

In October 2022, The National Institute Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), part of the United States National Institutes of Health (NIH), formally acknowledged publicly that CTE is caused by repetitive traumatic brain injuries, after CLF cosigned by 41 of the world’s top experts on CTE and related areas of science, urging them to review the current evidence outlined the Bradford Hill article.

The NINDS joined the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in recognizing CTE is caused by repeated traumatic brain injuries. The UNITE Brain Bank has revolutionized how we understand CTE. More than 1,000 brains have been donated, teaching us who is at risk and how the disease manifests differently in different people.

  1. Our report shows how the first 1,000 Legacy Donors are mapping the future of brain trauma research.
  2. The report also shows that almost every person diagnosed with CTE has one thing in common: a history of repetitive hits to the head.
  3. CTE is most frequently found in contact sport athletes and military veterans.

In 2023, the UNITE Brain Bank released that studied were diagnosed with CTE, while only 1 in 164 subjects in the Framingham Heart Study had CTE, and the lone case was a former college football player. Importantly, not everyone who has suffered repetitive hits to the head will develop CTE.

There are several risk factors at play that make some people more prone to develop CTE than others, including the age of first exposure to head impacts, the number of years of exposure, and genetics. Learn more about our Legacy Donors by, and reading the stories their loved ones have shared about their symptoms and experiences with disease.

Treatments have not yet been developed to specifically treat CTE, BUT many of the symptoms of the disease can be treated. It’s important to know there is hope if you think you or a loved one may be living with CTE. Check out our page to learn more. Currently, CTE can only be diagnosed after death through brain tissue analysis.

  • Doctors with a specialty in brain diseases slice brain tissue and use special chemicals to make the abnormal tau protein visible.
  • They then systematically search areas of the brain for tau in the unique pattern specific to CTE.
  • The process can take several months to complete, and the analysis is not typically performed as a part of a normal autopsy.

In fact, until recently there were relatively few doctors who knew how to diagnose CTE. In 2015, researchers from the, led by, collaborated with the National Institutes of Health to develop diagnostic criteria for CTE so that any neuropathologist familiar with brain diseases can accurately diagnose CTE.

You might be interested:  How To Cut A Pomegranate

Who had the most severe case of CTE?

Aaron Hernandez had brain damage seen commonly in people twice his age – In September, it was revealed that football star turned murderer Aaron Hernandez was found to have a severe case of chronic traumatic encephalopathy, better known as CTE. Now we’re getting details about how severe.

READ: On Thursday, Boston University CTE Center director Dr. Ann McKee held a conference about Hernandez’ brain. During it, she revealed that Hernandez, who played tight end for the New England Patriots for three seasons, had the most severe case of CTE ever seen in a 27-year-old. So severe, in fact, that Hernandez’ memory and impulse control were already affected.

McKee said: “These are very unusual findings to see in an individual of this age.We’ve never seen this in our 468 brains, except in individuals some 20 years older.” There are four stages of CTE and Hernandez was diagnosed with Stage 3. The question that begs to be answered: how much was his murderous streak because of the brain damage that he’s suffered? McKee said that she could not “connect the dots” between CTE and his violent streak.

Can non athletes get CTE?

Nine percent of athletes had evidence of CTE, compared with just over 3% of nonathletes.

How old was Heather when she had her first kid?

Heather and Tarek El Moussa reveal their baby boy’s name and his harrowing birth story Heather Rae El Moussa and Tarek El Moussa have announced the name of their, The couple revealed their son’s name in a joint post on Wednesday, Feb.15, and opened up about the “scary moments” before he was born.

“We’d like to introduce Tristan Jay El Moussa to the world,” the El Moussas wrote, adding that their son was born during the early hours of the morning on Jan.31 and weighed 7 pounds and 7 ounces. The post said the pair chose the name Tristan because it was one of the names Tarek El Moussa’s parents wanted to name him.

The newborn shares the second part of his name with Heather Rae El Moussa’s father, whose middle name is Jay as well. Heather Rae El Moussa noted that she now has four generations of Jay in her family. “But before our angel was born we had some scary moments leading up to him entering the world,” the post said.

  • The “Selling Sunset” star explained, “We were at my final doctor appointment and our Dr.
  • Rushed us to the hospital to get monitored because Tristan‘s movements had slowed down.
  • I was 4 days past his due date.” In a summary of her birth story, the 35-year-old said she was given Cytotec and a balloon, or foley bulb, was inserted to help her dilate faster.

Eight hours later, her water broke. “It all happened really fast,” she continued. “Tristan’s heart rate was dropping very low every time I’d push & was staying low. Which was terrifying.” Her husband held her hand and comforted her as she gave birth to Tristan.

  • Our baby boy came out healthy and beautiful,” she shared.
  • I was in a state of shock; it was a surreal experience.
  • I was emotional and drained & so in love already.” She described her first time giving birth as “scary, but beautiful,” and thanked Tarek El Moussa for his support.
  • The luxury real estate agent also expressed her gratitude for the doctors and nurses who helped her deliver a healthy baby.

At the end of the post, the El Moussas said, “We have been in our own private bubble but today we are so happy to share Tristan and some of (our) birth story with the world.” The proud parents also uploaded a couple photos that showed the family of three bonding together in the hospital.

  • In the first picture, the new mom cradles her son close to her chest.
  • She shares a kiss with her husband as she holds Tristan in her arms in a second photo.
  • Earlier this month, the TV personalities, who have been married since 2021, confirmed that they had welcomed their first child together.
  • Our baby boy is here,” they said in an post on Feb.2.

“Mama & baby are happy, healthy, tired but doing well. Our hearts are so happy.” A week later, Heather Rae El Moussa uploaded a selfie to her Instagram story showing off her, “1 week postpartum,” she said in the caption. “My activities include Breastfeeding, Pumping, repeat.” This is HGTV star Tarek El Moussa’s third child.

Is so Heather divorced?

What a year 2022 was for me! For those of you who don’t know, I filed for divorce, and this will be my 2nd divorce, so it’s been a hard year for me. But, like I always say, 2 good things always come from failures and trials: THE LESSON THAT GOD WANTS TO TEACH YOU and (this one goes without saying) ALL TRIALS ARE GIVEN TO US TO BRING US CLOSER TO GOD OR THE UNIVERSE OR YOUR HIGHER POWER (whatever you believe, for me it’s God).

  1. For more helpful things I learned in 2022 that dramatically helped my mental health check out this post titled: 15 LIFE LESSONS I LEARNED IN 2022,
  2. I’ve set a personal goal to share more wellness and mental health tips with all of you this year, along with fashion tips of course ! I truly believe BOTH play a major role in how we feel about ourselves and mental health is SO important.

So, today along with my chic outfit details I’ll be sharing the TOP 5 SELF-HELP BOOKS that helped me become a better, more intentional version of myself. I hope they help you as much as they have helped me! MAKE SURE TO SCROLL ALL THE WAY DOWN TO SEE WHICH 5 BOOKS DRAMATICALLY CHANGED MY LIFE IN 2022.

When did Heather Anderson retire?

Anderson retired at the end of the 2017 season, and returned to work as an army medic in the 1st Close Health Battalion in Perth. Anderson took her own life in November 2022 at the age of 28, and her brain donated to the Australian Sports Brain Bank.

Why can’t Gordon talk?

Character design – An early concept art of Gordon Freeman, wearing a bulkier HEV suit, helmet, and goggles Half-Life director Gabe Newell coined the name “Gordon Freeman” during a conversation with the game’s writer Marc Laidlaw in his car. Laidlaw had originally named the character “Dyson Poincaré”, combining the names of physicist and philosopher Freeman Dyson and mathematician Henri Poincaré,

  1. The texture for Gordon’s head was “too big of a job for just one person”, so Valve designers combined references from four people.
  2. An earlier model of Gordon, known as “Ivan the Space Biker”, had a full beard that was subsequently trimmed.
  3. Other iterations of Gordon’s concept featured different glasses, a ponytail, and a helmet.

Gordon wears a special full-body hazmat suit, known as the H azardous E n v ironment Suit (or HEV Suit). The suit is designed to protect the user from radiation, energy discharges, and blunt trauma during the handling of hazardous materials. The suit’s main feature is its “high-impact reactive armor “, an electrically powered armor system that, when charged, absorbs two-thirds of the damage that Gordon would ordinarily suffer in Half-Life and 80% in Half-Life 2,

A fully charged suit can survive several dozen hits from small arms and even one direct hit from an RPG, The suit can be charged by various means, and has its own oxygen supply and medical injectors, such as morphine and a neurotoxin antidote. It comes with a built-in flashlight, a radio, various tracking devices, a compass, and a Geiger counter,

The suit contains an on-board computer system that constantly monitors the user’s health and vital signs, and reacts to any changes in the user’s condition. It also projects a heads-up display (HUD) which displays Gordon’s health and suit charge level, remaining ammunition, and a crosshair.

  • As a means of immersing the player in the role, Gordon never speaks, and there are no cutscenes or mission briefings—all action is viewed through Gordon’s eyes, with the player retaining control of Gordon’s actions at nearly all times.
  • The images of Gordon are only seen on the game’s cover and menu pages, and also in advertisements, making them marketing tools rather than pictures of what Gordon is “really like”.

Gabe Newell has stated that Valve sees no reason to give Gordon a voice. In Half-Life, Gordon wears the Mark IV suit. Later in the game, the suit is equipped with an optional long-jump module so Gordon can leap great distances. It is charged using power modules throughout Black Mesa.

  • In Half-Life 2 Gordon receives the upgraded Mark V suit, which lacks the long-jump module but gains several new abilities.
  • It features a visual zooming capability, limited sprinting, an anti-venom injector, an optional ammo and health counter on the crosshair, and has been modified to use Combine power nodes to charge the suit.

The Mark V initially used a single power source for the flashlight, sprinting, and oxygen supply; in Half-Life 2: Episode Two the flashlight was given a separate power source to improve gameplay. The symbol on Gordon’s HEV suit is the lower case Greek letter Lambda, λ.

This symbol is used by scientists to denote the decay constant of radioactive elements (related to the half-life of an element). As well as appearing on Gordon’s suit, the symbol replaces the letter “a” in the game title ( H λ lf-Life ), and is the name of the complex in the Black Mesa Research Facility where teleportation experiments are conducted in the first game.

The Lambda symbol is also seen in Half-Life 2 as a marking of the human resistance, seen close to hidden supplies and on the arm bands of better equipped resistance fighters.

Can Gordon Freeman talk?

Gordon Speaks Regularly, He Is Not Silent – Gordon Freeman issues copious squad commands throughout the battle over City 17, so it is obvious that he speaks regularly to others. He is not a silent protagonist; he has no speaking lines in-game to prevent the player from feeling detachment upon hearing someone else’s voice speaking for their character.

Why don t the Dutch wear helmets?

Do Cyclists in the Netherlands Wear Helmets? – Most cyclists in the Netherlands as a whole, do not wear helmets. And in spite of the Dutch SWOV Institute for Road Safety Research asserting that protective head-wear could lessen cycling fatalities by about a third, it’s unlikely that the 95% of helmetless riders will start any time soon.

Are half helmets safe?

Also known as brain-buckets, half-helmets don’t protect ears, face, or chin. Nor do they have face-shields to protect faces and eyes from debris. They are lighter and provide more airflow than any other helmet, but lack serious protection.

Do full-face helmets get hot?

Full-face helmets: Disadvantages – Rossi’s Mugello AGV helmet Conversely, the immediate feeling of putting on a full-face helmet after wearing an open-face helmet is one of isolation and claustrophobia. You feel stifled and less free! In hot weather, they can also get very hot and limit the airflow to your face.

  • That can make them very tiring on long rides on hot days.
  • Most likely you will be asked to remove your helmet at service stations, especially if it has a tinted visor.
  • A full-face helmet reduces your ability to talk to your pillion or riding colleagues.
  • They can’t hear you and you can’t hear them.
  • It also restricts your ability to hear important traffic sounds such as screeching tyres, horns and sirens.

Full-face helmets usually provide a limited field of vision with blind spots to your rear three-quarters. The Bell Bullitt is an exception. Harley-Davidson Vintage Stripe Bell Bullitt retro helmet It can also be a pain to open the visor and wedge your finger in to scratch an itch on your chin.

Is full-face helmet safer?

The Verdict – Full-face motorcycle helmets are 45.3% safer than the other motorcycle helmets currently available. They provide the most extensive coverage of the head and therefore offer the most protection. They are the only style helmet that protects the chin and jaw while also providing complete facial protection.

Unfortunately, the world is seldom black and white, and this is one such instance where there is a range of variables that influence the safety and performance of full-face motorcycle helmets. Logic and neutrality are fine in theory, but the real world brings challenges of its own that create issues regarding safety for the full-face helmet,

While it is important to be aware of these challenges, they are less serious than the increased risk of a traumatic head injury that is known to be associated with half and three-quarter helmets.

Why doesn t Judge Anderson wear a helmet?

It’s hard not to admire the modesty of Dredd 3D, The film doesn’t mess about, and it never aspires to be more than it is. Rather than trying to be anything more creative or important, director Pete Travis has opted to tell a relatively straight-forward action adventure that just happens to be set in the fascinating Mega-City One starring the delightfully straight-forward Judge Dredd. Hm. We never quite find out if he has helmet hair. I’d assure you that it’s better than Stallone’s Judge Dredd, but that sounds like damning with faint praise. Dredd actually succeeds on its own terms, offering an efficient minimum-frills-attached story for the helmet-wearing protagonist.

  1. Fans will be relieved to hear that Karl Urban never flashes anything above the nose, but that’s perhaps the most obvious way that Travis’ Dredd is more faithful to the source material, and the better for it.
  2. Arl Urban actually puts in a great performance as Dredd.
  3. It’s never easy to act with a mask cutting off half your face, but Urban actually manages to bring Dredd to life as an endearing and affectionate homage to Eastwood playing the “jury, executioner, judge” as a state-sanctioned Dirty Harry.
You might be interested:  How Tall Is 6Ft

He’s curt, straight-forward and to the point. An explosive actioner? While escorting a prisoner to custody, Dredd is forced to suppress a gang using a gas grenade. He reaches for his own mask and warns his captive, “I advise you to hold your breath.” And then shuffles the crook through the cloud of noxious chemicals.

To be fair, he generally offers his targets a chance for non-violent resolution. Although he’s far too stoic to show any hint of it, one senses part of Dredd is quite pleased when they decline. Of course, Dredd is a British creation, but one firmly anchored in a distinctly American tradition. He’s the law enforcement anti-hero taken to the logical extreme.

He’s the cowboy cop and the frontier sheriff all rolled into one package and given absolute authority – a brutal parody of excessive American machismo expressed in its purest form with a straight face belying the dark humour underneath. Dredd wears a parody of a sheriff’s badge, with his name engraved across it in cartoonishly large letters. Getting a sense of Dredd The appeal of Dredd is in that simplistic archetype, and it’s something that the film respects. It doesn’t matter if we never see Dredd’s face – he’s more than a man, he’s an archetype. He’s not really a character as much as a collection of decidedly American clichés about coercion and authority given form.

  • This movie understands that – and that is why it’s important that Dredd never takes off his helmet, because there’s nothing under there,
  • You can see Dredd’s face every time you stare at that helmet and that blacked-out visor.
  • Dredd is as much in his gun and his badge as he is in his flesh and his blood.

Of course, it doesn’t do for a major film to star a central character who never shows his face to the audience. That is, after all, why Stallone was prone to removing his helmet in Judge Dredd, It’s nice that Dredd resists the temptation, although it tries to have things both ways by introducing a supporting character – “rookie” Judge Anderson – who refuses to wear a helmet because it would interfere with her psychic abilities. Making a splash Dredd is a constant. He doesn’t grow or change or evolve over the course of the story. This isn’t an origin story, as Hollywood tends to like. This is just another (albeit extremely tough) day for him. fittingly, Dredd never seems to get too worked up about anything.

  1. After stumbling across the manufacturing hub and distribution centre of the city’s newest narcotic, he simply brings himself to mutter, “Interesting.” After a hard day’s work, all he can muster is “Good.” Even on the verge of dying, Dredd is still glowering beneath the helmet.
  2. Urban wisely avoids chewing the scenery, and even the character’s patented catchphrase feels understated, rather than feeling forced or over-played.

The movie stumbles a bit early on, when Judge Anderson is asked to demonstrate her “psyche” skills. It falls into the familiar “tell, don’t show” routine as she describes Dredd as an angry and reserved figure with something bubbling underneath. Thankfully, it’s the only really painful moment of forced exposition we get about Dredd as a character, and the rest of the film treats him as a fairly straight-forward certainty. A gas time Given that Dredd exists as a ridiculously over-the-top parody of fictional gung-ho American authority figures, it feels appropriate that Dredd is something of a celebration of American action movie clichés. The movie has been accused of being a bit too similar to The Raid, with a law enforcement agent taking on a drug cartel running a tower block.

  • However, the film feels more like a collection of familiar action movie tropes.
  • It’s more like a shout-out to movies like Die Hard (another action movie in a tower) or buddy cop movies as Dredd and Anderson find themselves an unconventional duo against the odds.
  • Pete Travis executes him action really well.

The film has the best 3D that I have seen this year, as the director isn’t afraid to use the technology as it was intended – a gleefully cheesy gimmick, and an excuse to throw stuff at the audience. Sharps of glass, bullets and blood are all scattered around like confetti at a wedding, and it lends everything a deliciously pulpy feel. The drugs do woooooooooorrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrkkkkkkkkkk In particular, Travis renders the drug “slow-mo” wonderfully effectively, as the drug slows down perception of time. It feels like perhaps the movie’s most direct dig at American action movies – and the only time that the film feels quite as subversive as its source material.

After all, modern action films have become as hooked on the gimmick of “slow-mo” as any of the residents of the tenement block featured here. I wouldn’t be surprised if the operation featured here had learned the recipe from Michael Bay. (It’s also interesting that we primarily see “slow-mo” used as a form of torture rather than recreation, to prolong suffering rather than extend euphoria.

It feels like a subtle, but biting commentary on the use of slow-motion in modern action films. I actually wish that the idea were touched on more thoroughly and efficiently, as it seems like it’s ripe for a subtle stoic mockery of American action movies, much like Dredd is a stoic mockery of the vigilante law enforcement archetype.) Firing on all cylinders? Unfortunately, the movie does feel a tad too conventional at times, as Dredd and Anderson’s trip through the skyscraper feels like the progression in a video-game, from one level to the next, encountering various bosses and increased difficulties as they go.

It uses many of the silly and absurd action film clichés without even a hint of irony or the self-awareness one might expect from the character. At one point a bunch of cannons tear through one half of the structure – seemingly without hitting wither our heroes or any supporting columns. I’m no architect, but it seems like the structure should have collapsed.

It feels like the movie should have been a little less obvious in its application of these clichés. While the decision to keep Dredd’s helmet on is commendable, it does lead to problems later on, towards the climax of the film. During a scuffle with another individual armed in a similar fashion, it’s sometimes difficult to tell who is who.

  • It’s not a major problem – it just stands out against the rest of Travis’ delightfully executed action sequences.
  • Still, the movie’s conventionality is both its major strength and its major weakness.
  • It’s nice that the film didn’t try anything too ambitious or too “important”, instead telling a simple story that allowed it to develop the characters and world.

On the other hand, it feels too conventional at times, when it seems like it should be a bit more ironic or subversive. Urban warfare That said, the film actually does an efficient job building a world around Dredd, at least for the first hour. Far from being intrusive, there are any number of small touches that reflect the character’s origins as social satire. Perhaps the most obvious one is the design of Mega-City One itself.

With the exception of the massive tower blocks, it actually looks quite like the “real” world. My inner cynic suggests that this is an effective cost-saving measure, but I like the implication: modern America is not too far off the dystopia of Mega-City One, A city doesn’t need to be a heavily-stylised backlot set in order to reflect a possible future.

Sometimes it’s just the real world pushed to an extreme. The use of footage of riots and protests in the opening scene creates the impression that our world might not be as far off from this sort of science-fiction post-apocalyptic wasteland as we might like to hope, and it’s certainly a more subtle and nuanced approach than we frequently see in this sort of movie. Seeing stars The movie also has a delightfully cynical sense of humour, albeit a relatively understated one – like its central character. While the film isn’t a social commentary like Rollerball or Gattaca, there are still some nice touches at play. There’s the morbid idea that bodies are confiscated for “recyke”, and I do like the announcements in the mall during the first shoot-out.

Patrons are advised to avoid the foot court due to the hostage situation – but the announcement is quick to point out that there are alternative food courts readily available for patrons. There’s not too much of that, but there’s enough to suggest a wry sense of humour about the whole thing, a very dark and grim view of a world pretty close to our own.

“Homeless,” one sign reads, “will debase self for credits.” Dredd’s cold warnings about vagrancy pay off in a delightfully ridiculous way. There’s also a lot of interesting and understated world-building afoot. It seems Dredd’s America only has five states. Quite a kick More than that, I like the idea that Anderson is a “mutant” because of her psychic abilities. Sure, they amount to little more than the ability to see inside a person’s mind, but they are also a rather expanded form of empathy – Anderson is more sensitive and understanding of other people than most.

I like the idea that in this cold future that sort of empathy is enough to classify somebody as a “mutie”, as grotesque and inhuman as if she had somehow spouted a third arm. It’s a nice touch. I quite like Paul Leonard-Morgan’s heavy score, which feels like an attempt to blast the audience into submission.

It’s loud and overstated, but it feels wonderfully appropriate, as if harking back to the same classic eighties action movies that clearly inspired the film’s plot. The set and production design are also impressive. I actually wouldn’t mind seeing a sequel developed to expand on the character and his world. Things look grim Dredd is not perfect. For one thing, there are times when it’s far too conventional, to the point where its compelling central character and his world aren’t enough to quite sustain it. There are elements that suggest a production not entirely comfortable with the concept and character, although they are relatively few and far between – the use of Anderson as a face the audience can relate to, dialogue about Dredd’s inner life, that sort of thing.

Does Andy Anderson always wear a helmet?

VANCOUVER, BC — Professional skateboarder Andy Anderson has a reputation as an innovator for his freestyle tricks and unique techniques on streets and in skateparks, but he might be best known for something on his head. ‘ I always wear a helmet when I skate. No matter what I’m skating,’ said Anderson.

Who is the Youtuber who wears a helmet?

About – SwaggerSouls is an American YouTube gamer and social media personality. Known for his medieval battle helmet wearing avatar, he has gained fame for his YouTube channel where he posts mostly gameplay content, live-action skits, and general updates.

What AFL player was diagnosed with CTE?

Heather Anderson diagnosed with CTE in 1st case for female athlete – ESPN Jul 4, 2023, 12:43 PM Researchers said former Australian rules football player Heather Anderson has been diagnosed with chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) in the first known case of the degenerative brain disease in a professional female athlete.

  • Anderson’s family donated her brain to the Australian Sports Brain Bank (ASBB), and the findings were published Tuesday in the Springer Medical Journal.
  • Researchers said the neuropathological findings fulfill current diagnostic criteria for low-stage CTE.
  • “She is the first female athlete diagnosed with CTE, but she will not be the last,” the authors of the paper wrote.

Anderson was a member of Adelaide’s 2017 AFLW premiership team. Photo by Will Russell/AFL Media/Getty Images Anderson, who was a medic in the Australian defense force, also played rugby league during her contact sports career. Anderson’s father, Brian, said the diagnosis was “a surprise, but not a surprise”.

  1. “But suicide causes you to re-examine everything, to look at every interaction.”
  2. ASBB director Michael Buckland, who co-authored the paper, said there were “multiple CTE lesions as well as abnormalities nearly everywhere I looked in her cortex.”
  3. “It was indistinguishable from the dozens of male cases I’ve seen,” he added.
  4. Buckland told the Australian Broadcasting Corporation the diagnosis was a significant step in understanding the effects that years of playing contact sports has on women’s brains.
  5. “It’s a real red flag that now women are participating just as men are, that we are going to start seeing more and more CTE cases in women,” Buckland said.
  6. The issue of repetitive head trauma has come to the fore in numerous sports in recent years, including rugby league and union, soccer and the NFL and NHL in the United States.
  7. Information from Reuters and The AAP was used in this report.

: Heather Anderson diagnosed with CTE in 1st case for female athlete – ESPN